"No person ... shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due
process of law." - Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. In theory, we
should have a justice system where criminals are identified, arrested, tried, sentenced,
and parolled without regard to skin color. In reality, the system is not
color-blind. African Americans are frequently the targets of racial profiling, are
more likely to be arrested for a criminal offense, and receive stiffer sentences for
similar offenses. While African, Hispanic (Latino), and Asian Americans make up only
26% of the general population, they make up 58% of the prison population.
Every American has the right to a fair trial. Might these disparities be caused
by many Ethnic minorities' inabilities to afford adequate legal counsel, or a lack of
diversity in the makeup of judges at all levels of the courts system?